Timeline

Introduction

This section will provide a brief overview of the war, and the battles that Canadian Troops participated in. This page will grow over time.

General

Canada in the War A brief description of the causes of the war and Canada's participation

Chronology

The chronology follows the naming convention used by the Report of the Battles Nomenclature Committee, 1921. Battles and actions that Canadian troops participated in are shown in blue. Actions where Canadian troops were presenta s detatched or sub-units are shown in Red. Links to more detail on certain battles are shown as links. Although Canadians operated on other fronts, this focuses on the Western front activities.

Year
Item Date
1914
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary assassinated in Sarajevo 28 June, 1914
1914
Germany declares war on Russia 1 August, 1914
1914
Germany declares war on France 3 August, 1914
1914
Germany invades Belgium, establishing the Western Front war, Britain declares war 4 August, 1914
1914
Canada commits 25,000 troops to support England. 5 August, 1914
1914
US declares itself neutral 8 August, 1914
1914
Germans and British troops engage for the first time at Mons. British slow the German advance 23 - 24 August, 1914
1914
Trenches first dug on the Western Front 15 September, 1914
1914
First Canadian Troops arrive in Britain 14 October, 1914
1914
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry is assigned to the British 80th Brigade and become the first Canadians in France. 21 October, 1914
1914
Troops share an unofficial Christmas Truce in the Western Front trenches. 25 December, 1914
1915
First German Zeppelin raid on British mainland. 19 January, 1915
1915
First use of poison gas in WW1, by Germany at Bolimow in Poland on the Eastern Front 31 January, 1915
1915
the 1st Canadian Division arrives in France 16 February, 1915
1915
Battle of Neuve Chapelle 10 March, 1915
1915
Action of St. Eloi 14-15 March, 1915
1915
Gravenstafel Ridge - Poison Gas is first used on the Western Front, in a German attack on French and Canadian troops on the Ypres Salient. Part of 2nd Ypres. 22-23 April, 1915
1915
St. Julien. Part of 2nd Ypres. 24 April - 4 May, 1915
1915
Lusitania is sunk by a German submarine; casualties include 124 Americans passengers. 7 May, 1915
1915
Frezenberg Ridge. Part of 2nd Ypres. 8-13 May, 1915
1915
Battle of Aubers Ridge 9 May, 1915
1915
Battle of Festubert 17-25 May, 1915
1915
Bellewaerde Ridge. Part of 2nd Ypres. 24-25 May, 1915
1915
Second Action of Givenchy 15-16 June, 1915
1915
The Battle of Loos 25-September- 8 October, 1915
1915
Action of Bois Grenier (part of the Battle of Loos) 25 September, 1915
1915
Actions of the Hohenzollern Redoubt 13-19 October, 1915
1916
Action of St Eloi Craters 27 March - 16 April 1916
1916
Battle of Mount Sorrel 2 - 13 June 1916
1916
Albert (Capture of Montauban, Mametz, Fricourt, Contalmaison and la Boisselle) 1-13 July, 1916
1916
Bazentin Ridge 14-17 July, 1916
1916
Attack at Fromelles 19 July, 1916
1916
Attacks on High Wood 20-25 July, 1916
1916
Pozieres Ridge (Fighting for Mouquet Farm) 1-3 September, 1916
1916
Guillemont 3-6 Setember, 1916
1916
Ginchy 9 September, 1916
1916
Flers-Courcelette 15-22 September, 1916
1916
Thiepval Ridge 26-29 September, 1916
1916
Le Transloy Ridges (Capture of Eaucourt l'Abbaye) 1-18 October, 1916
1916
Ancre Heights (Capture of Regina Trench) 1 October - 11 November, 1916
1916
The Ancre (Capture of Beaumont Hamel) 15-18 November, 1916
1917
German retreat to the Hindenburg Line 24-29 March, 1917
1917
The US declares war on Germany. 6 April, 1917
1917
Battle of Vimy Ridge 9 - 14 April 1917
1917
First Scarpe 9 - 14 April 1917
1917
Second Scarpe 23-24 April, 1917
1917
Attack on la Coulotte 23 April, 1917
1917
Arleux 28-29 April
1917
Third Scarpe (Capture of Fresnoy) 3-4 May, 1917
1917
First US troops arrive in France. 26 May, 1917
1917
Affairs south of the Souchez River 3-25 June, 1917
1917
General Sir Arthur Currie appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Corps. Currie became the first Canadian to hold overall command of Canadian troops. He was appointed over other British Generals who had higher rank/more seniority. Currie had his detractors but was the greatest Canadian General and to some the greatest military leader of all time. 8 June, 1917
1917
Capture of Avoin 26-29 June, 1917
1917
Battle of Messines (Capture of Wytschaete) 7-14 June
1917
Pilckem Ridge 31-July-2 August, 1917
1917
Battle of Hill 70 15 - 25 August, 1917
1917
Langemarck 16-18 August, 1917
1917
Menin Road Ridge 20-25 September, 1917
1917
Polygon Wood 26 September - 3 October , 1917
1917
Broodseinde 4 October, 1917
1917
Poelcappelle 9 October, 1917
1917
First Passchendaele 12 October, 1917
1917
Second Passenchdaele 26 October - 10 November 1917
1917
Battle of Cambrai - Tank attacks 20-21 November, 1918
1917
Battle of Cambrai - Capture of Bourlon Wood 23-28 November, 1918
1917
Russia and Germany sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk, effectively ending the two-front war and allowing Germany to concentrate troops on the Western Front 15 December, 1917
1918
US forces make their first offensive 28 May, 1918
1918
St. Quentin 21-23 March, 1918
1918
Actions at the Somme Crossings 24-25 March, 1918
1918
First Bapaume 24-25 March, 1918
1918
Rosieres 26-27 March, 1918
1918
First Arras 28 March, 1918
1918
Moreuil Wood 30 March, 1918
1918
Avre 4 April, 1918
1918
Estaires (First Defence of Givenchy, 1918). Part of the battle of the Lys. 9-11 April, 1918
1918
Messines (Loss of Hill 63). Part of the battle of the Lys. 10-11 April 1918
1918
Hazebrouck. Part of the battle of the Lys. 12-15 April, 1918
1918
Bailleul (Defence of Neuve Eglise). Part of the battle of the Lys. 13-15 April, 1918
1918
First Kemmel Ridge . Part of the battle of the Lys. 17-19 April, 1918
1918
US forces make their first offensive 28 May, 1918
1918
Canadian Hospital ship Llandovery Castle sunk by German U-Boat. Life boats were pursued and sunk. 234 were killed, including 14 nursing sisters. 24 survived. This attack proved a rallying cry for the Canadian troops for the rest of the war. 27 June, 1918
1918
Action of La Becque 28 June, 1918
1918
Capture of Hamel 4 July, 1918
1918
Battle of Amiens (code named "Llandovery Castle"). On 8 August, 'the Black Day of the German Army' - Canadian and Australian troops, plus 600 tanks, shatter German forces and reach Hindenburg line. 8 - 11 August 1918
1918
Actions around Damery 15-17 August, 1918
1918
Albert (1st Pioneer Battalion on detached duty) 21-23 August, 1918
1918
Second Bapaume 31 August-3 September, 1918
1918
2nd Battle of Arras 26 August - 3 September 1918
1918
Scarpe (Capture of Monchy-le-Preux). Part of the 2nd Battle of Arras. 26-30 August, 1918
1918
Drocourt-Queant Canal 2-3 september, 1918
1918
Havrincourt 12 September, 1918
1918
Epehy 18 September, 1918
1918
Canal du Nord (Capture of Bourlon Wood) 27 September - 1 October, 1918
1918
St. Quentin Canal 29 September - 2 October, 1918
1918
Beaurevoir Line 3-5 October, 1918
1918
Cambrai (Capture of Cambrai) 8-9 October, 1918
1918
Battle of Ypres 28 September-2 October, 1918
1918
Pursuit to the Selle 9-12 October, 1918
1918
Battle of Courtrai 14-19 October, 1918
1918
Battle of the Selle 17-25 October. 1918
1918
Battle of Valenciennes (Capture of Mont Houy) 1-2 November, 1918
1918
Battle of the Sambre 4 November, 1918
1918
Passage of the Grande Honnelle 5-7 November
1918
Capture of Mons 9-11 November 1918
1918
Armistice 11 November, 1918
1919
Kinmel Park Mutiny. Canadian troops mutiny because of delays in returning to Canada. 4-5 March, 1919
1919
End of the war/Treaty of Versailles 28 June, 1919

Primary source: Nicholson, G. W. L. 1962. Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War: Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919.