Casualties of the Great War

Casualties by Country

Although the numbers vary, the general order of magnitude is consistent among the various sources. The tables below are based on the "The World War 1 Databook " by John Ellis and Michael Cox.

The tables are broken into five sections:

Casualties by Country - In terms of absolute numbers

Casualties as a percentage of population

Casualties as a percentage of troops mobilized

Casualties by population, ranked according to greatest losses

Casualties by troops mobilized, ranked according to greatest losses

Casualties by Country

Population Mobilized Killed & Missing Non Combat Deaths Total Deaths Wounded Total casualties POW
Australia 4,872,000 416,800 53,560 6,300 59,860 155,130 214,990 3,650
Austria-Hungary 49,900,000 7,800,000 1,016,200   1,016,200 3,600,000 4,616,200
NA
Belgium 7,517,000 276,000 38,170   38,170 44,690 82,860 10,200
Bulgaria 5,500,000 1,200,000 77,450 24,500 101,950 152,400 254,350 10,620
Canada 7,400,000 620,000 58,990 3,830 62,820 149,710 212,530 2,820
France 39,600,000 8,660,000 1,385,300   1,385,300 4,329,200 5,714,500 446,300
Germany 67,000,000 13,400,000 2,037,000   2,037,000 5,687,000 7,724,000 993,800
Greece 4,800,000 280,000 5,000   5,000 20,000 25,000 1,000
India 316,000,000 1,680,000 62,060   62,060 66,690 128,750 11,070
Italy 35,000,000 5,903,000 462,400   462,400 955,000 1,417,400 530,000
Japan 67,200,000 800,000     0   0  
New Zealand 1,050,000 128,525 16,700   16,700 41,320 58,020 500
Portugal 6,000,000 200,000 7,220   7,220 13,751 20,971 6,680
Romania 7,510,000 750,000 219,800   219,800 120,000 339,800 60,000
Russia 167,000,000 12,000,000 1,800,000   1,800,000 4,950,000 6,750,000 2,500,000
Serbia 5,000,000 707,000 127,500   127,500 133,150 260,650 70,000
South Africa 6,000,000 231,000 7,120   7,120 12,030 19,150 1,540
Turkey 21,300,000 2,600,000 236,000   236,000 770,000 1,006,000 145000
United Kingdom 46,400,000 5,704,400 702,410   702,410 1,662,825 2,365,235 170389
United States 92,000,000 4,355,000 51,822   51,822 230,074 281,896 4434
Total   67,711,725 8,364,702   8,399,332 23,092,970 31,492,302 4,968,003

 

Casualties as a percentage of population

Population Mobilized Killed & Missing Non Combat Deaths Total Deaths Wounded Total casualties POW
Australia 4,872,000 8.6% 1.1% 0.1% 1.2% 3.2% 4.4% 0.1%
Austria-Hungary 49,900,000 15.6% 2.0% 0.0% 2.0% 7.2% 9.3% NA
Belgium 7,517,000 3.7% 0.5% 0.0% 0.5% 0.6% 1.1% 0.1%
Bulgaria 5,500,000 21.8% 1.4% 0.4% 1.9% 2.8% 4.6% 0.2%
Canada 7,400,000 8.4% 0.8% 0.1% 0.8% 2.0% 2.9% 0.0%
France 39,600,000 21.9% 3.5% 0.0% 3.5% 10.9% 14.4% 1.1%
Germany 67,000,000 20.0% 3.0% 0.0% 3.0% 8.5% 11.5% 1.5%
Greece 4,800,000 5.8% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.4% 0.5% 0.0%
India 316,000,000 0.5% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Italy 35,000,000 16.9% 1.3% 0.0% 1.3% 2.7% 4.0% 1.5%
Japan 67,200,000 1.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
New Zealand 1,050,000 12.2% 1.6% 0.0% 1.6% 3.9% 5.5% 0.0%
Portugal 6,000,000 3.3% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.2% 0.3% 0.1%
Romania 7,510,000 10.0% 2.9% 0.0% 2.9% 1.6% 4.5% 0.8%
Russia 167,000,000 7.2% 1.1% 0.0% 1.1% 3.0% 4.0% 1.5%
Serbia 5,000,000 14.1% 2.6% 0.0% 2.6% 2.7% 5.2% 1.4%
South Africa 6,000,000 3.9% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.2% 0.3% 0.0%
Turkey 21,300,000 12.2% 1.1% 0.0% 1.1% 3.6% 4.7% 0.7%
United Kingdom 46,400,000 12.3% 1.5% 0.0% 1.5% 3.6% 5.1% 0.4%
United States 92,000,000 4.7% 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.3% 0.3% 0.0%

 

Casualties as a percentage of mobilizations

Population Mobilized Killed & Missing Non Combat Deaths Total Deaths Wounded Total casualties POW
Australia 4,872,000 416,800 12.9% 1.5% 14.4% 37.2% 51.6% 0.9%
Austria-Hungary 49,900,000 7,800,000 13.0% 0.0% 13.0% 46.2% 59.2% NA
Belgium 7,517,000 276,000 13.8% 0.0% 13.8% 16.2% 30.0% 3.7%
Bulgaria 5,500,000 1,200,000 6.5% 2.0% 8.5% 12.7% 21.2% 0.9%
Canada 7,400,000 620,000 9.5% 0.6% 10.1% 24.1% 34.3% 0.5%
France 39,600,000 8,660,000 16.0% 0.0% 16.0% 50.0% 66.0% 5.2%
Germany 67,000,000 13,400,000 15.2% 0.0% 15.2% 42.4% 57.6% 7.4%
Greece 4,800,000 280,000 1.8% 0.0% 1.8% 7.1% 8.9% 0.4%
India 316,000,000 1,680,000 3.7% 0.0% 3.7% 4.0% 7.7% 0.7%
Italy 35,000,000 5,903,000 7.8% 0.0% 7.8% 16.2% 24.0% 9.0%
Japan 67,200,000 800,000 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
New Zealand 1,050,000 128,525 13.0% 0.0% 13.0% 32.1% 45.1% 0.4%
Portugal 6,000,000 200,000 3.6% 0.0% 3.6% 6.9% 10.5% 3.3%
Romania 7,510,000 750,000 29.3% 0.0% 29.3% 16.0% 45.3% 8.0%
Russia 167,000,000 12,000,000 15.0% 0.0% 15.0% 41.3% 56.3% 20.8%
Serbia 5,000,000 707,000 18.0% 0.0% 18.0% 18.8% 36.9% 9.9%
South Africa 6,000,000 231,000 3.1% 0.0% 3.1% 5.2% 8.3% 0.7%
Turkey 21,300,000 2,600,000 9.1% 0.0% 9.1% 29.6% 38.7% 5.6%
United Kingdom 46,400,000 5,704,400 12.3% 0.0% 12.3% 29.1% 41.5% 3.0%
United States 92,000,000 4,355,000 1.2% 0.0% 1.2% 5.3% 6.5% 0.1%

 

Casualties by population - ranked

Population Mobilized Killed & Missing Non Combat Deaths Total Deaths Wounded Total casualties POW
France 39,600,000 0 3.5% 0.0% 3.5% 10.9% 14.4% 1.1%
Germany 67,000,000 0 3.0% 0.0% 3.0% 8.5% 11.5% 1.5%
Austria-Hungary 49,900,000 0 2.0% 0.0% 2.0% 7.2% 9.3% 0.0%
New Zealand 1,050,000 0 1.6% 0.0% 1.6% 3.9% 5.5% 0.0%
Serbia 5,000,000 0 2.6% 0.0% 2.6% 2.7% 5.2% 1.4%
United Kingdom 46,400,000 0 1.5% 0.0% 1.5% 3.6% 5.1% 0.4%
Turkey 21,300,000 0 1.1% 0.0% 1.1% 3.6% 4.7% 0.7%
Bulgaria 5,500,000 0 1.4% 0.4% 1.9% 2.8% 4.6% 0.2%
Romania 7,510,000 0 2.9% 0.0% 2.9% 1.6% 4.5% 0.8%
Australia 4,872,000 0 1.1% 0.1% 1.2% 3.2% 4.4% 0.1%
Italy 35,000,000 0 1.3% 0.0% 1.3% 2.7% 4.0% 1.5%
Russia 167,000,000 0 1.1% 0.0% 1.1% 3.0% 4.0% 1.5%
Canada 7,400,000 0 0.8% 0.1% 0.8% 2.0% 2.9% 0.0%
Belgium 7,517,000 0 0.5% 0.0% 0.5% 0.6% 1.1% 0.1%
Greece 4,800,000 0 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.4% 0.5% 0.0%
Portugal 6,000,000 0 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.2% 0.3% 0.1%
South Africa 6,000,000 0 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.2% 0.3% 0.0%
United States 92,000,000 0 0.1% 0.0% 0.1% 0.3% 0.3% 0.0%
India 316,000,000 0 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Japan 67,200,000 0 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%

 

Casualties as a Percentage of Troops Mobilized - Ranked

Population Mobilized Killed & Missing Non Combat Deaths Total Deaths Wounded Total casualties POW
France 39,600,000 8,660,000 16.0% 0.0% 16.0% 50.0% 66.0% 5.2%
Austria-Hungary 49,900,000 7,800,000 13.0% 0.0% 13.0% 46.2% 59.2% 0.0%
Germany 67,000,000 13,400,000 15.2% 0.0% 15.2% 42.4% 57.6% 7.4%
Russia 167,000,000 12,000,000 15.0% 0.0% 15.0% 41.3% 56.3% 20.8%
Australia 4,872,000 416,800 12.9% 1.5% 14.4% 37.2% 51.6% 50.1%
Romania 7,510,000 750,000 29.3% 0.0% 29.3% 16.0% 45.3% 8.0%
New Zealand 1,050,000 128,525 13.0% 0.0% 13.0% 32.1% 45.1% 0.4%
United Kingdom 46,400,000 5,704,400 12.3% 0.0% 12.3% 29.1% 41.5% 3.0%
Turkey 21,300,000 2,600,000 9.1% 0.0% 9.1% 29.6% 38.7% 5.6%
Serbia 5,000,000 707,000 18.0% 0.0% 18.0% 18.8% 36.9% 9.9%
Canada 7,400,000 620,000 9.5% 0.6% 10.1% 24.1% 34.3% 0.5%
Belgium 7,517,000 276,000 13.8% 0.0% 13.8% 16.2% 30.0% 3.7%
Italy 35,000,000 5,903,000 7.8% 0.0% 7.8% 16.2% 24.0% 9.0%
Bulgaria 5,500,000 1,200,000 6.5% 2.0% 8.5% 12.7% 21.2% 0.9%
Portugal 6,000,000 200,000 3.6% 0.0% 3.6% 6.9% 10.5% 3.3%
Greece 4,800,000 280,000 1.8% 0.0% 1.8% 7.1% 8.9% 0.4%
South Africa 6,000,000 231,000 3.1% 0.0% 3.1% 5.2% 8.3% 0.7%
India 316,000,000 1,680,000 3.7% 0.0% 3.7% 4.0% 7.7% 0.7%
United States 92,000,000 4,355,000 1.2% 0.0% 1.2% 5.3% 6.5% 0.1%
Japan 67,200,000 800,000 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%

Back